The 50 Most Popular Dog Breeds in America
Meet the cool kid's table at canine high.
Is there an animal more beloved in the United States than dogs? Sure, there are technically millions more cats in the country. But, according to figures published by the American Veterinary Medical Association, more individual households are home to dogs than cats: 36.5 percent versus 30.4 percent. And if you take it from a recent survey conducted by Purina, the pet food brand, 95 percent of dog owners consider their pups to be part of the family. (No, we have no clue what's wrong with the outlying 5 percent.)
Yeah, it's pretty clear that Americans really love their dogs. But which dogs are the most beloved? After all, there are hundreds of different breeds, all of which are equally deserving of cuddles and treats and homes. Answering the question from a subjective standpoint would result in riots—at best. So, to definitively find out, it's imperative to turn to hard data.
Each year, the American Kennel Club identifies the most popular dog breeds, as pinpointed by annual adoption figures. As of 2017 (the most recent year for which complete data is available), here are the results. If the dog population of America was one giant high school, these pups would be sitting at the cool kid's table. And for a more granular breakdown of popular pups, meet The Most Popular Dog Breed In Every State.
These hounds possess powerful and peerless scent-tracking. Bred to hunt deer, boar, and, um, people, Bloodhounds—no longer used by sword-and-sandal warriors—have since proven instrumental in tracking down fugitives, escapes prisoners, and missing persons in the centuries since. More recently these sleuths have been seared into our collective subconscious as symbols of piety and law enforcement by the popular mascot McGruff the Crime Dog. Willful and arduous to train, should you be considering a family pet for small children, look elsewhere. Or, for a more family-friendly pet, here are 20 Ways Cats Are Better Than Dogs.
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
While the name may not be immediately familiar, there's no mistaking this dog's profile and type. Bred in Ireland more than 200 years ago as an all-purpose farm dog, its many tasks included hunting vermin and guarding livestock. Wheaten Terriers are lovable, quick, devoted, and affectionate, and keep up the exuberance of a puppy for their entire life. And for more adorable pups, take a look at these 25 Photos Proving Dogs Are the Best Co-Workers.
To take it from old Warners Bros. flicks, you'd think that these imposing, iconic Swiss rescue dogs are basically born with a bottle of brandy tied around their necks. Sorry to say, but, as fun as it seems, that's not case. For one thing, Saint Bernards haven't made any avalanche rescues since the 1950s. And for another, the last reliable account of brandy-bottles-as-collars can be traced to The Percy Anecdotes…which was published in 1823!
This ancient, muscular, and double-coated Japanese breed trace back to the mountainous Akita region of Japan. Known as "Snow Mountain Dogs," they're revered as symbols of health, happiness, and vitality. And for more aww-worthy canines, meet The 30 Cutest Hybrid Dogs in the World.
Pronounced bee-shon-free-zay, these light-hearted, relentlessly merry puffballs require diligent grooming maintenance to be at their best. Wickedly smart and uniquely blessed with a pure white, plush, hypoallergenic coat, Bichons enjoy performing and love to charm everyone they meet. And for more fluff monsters, meet theses 15 Fluffiest Dog Breeds You Need to Look at Right Now.
At first glance, the precocious Shiba may look like a small Husky, though that face has much in common with a teddy bear. Small wonder, then, that they're a cornerstone of kawaii, a cultural movement in Japan that celebrates all things cute. (In Japanese, kawaii translates, in the simplest sense, to "cute.") Like their Akita brethren, sweet-natured Shibas have compact, strong bodies, double coats of fur, and irresistible smiles.
Of the most popular dog breeds, the Malinois—derived from German Shepherds—stands out as the single one you'd never, ever want to mess with. So, naturally, they're preferred among law enforcement, search and rescue, military, and security teams. (They also guard the White House, as part of the Secret Service detail.) These work dogs are exemplary in their athleticism, intelligence, and rugged beauty. Keep in mind, though, that they require professional training and handling to keep them properly exercised and engaged. And if you're looking to dress up your pet, here are the 33 Most Adorable Dog Outfits You Can Buy Now.
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
These Mid-Atlantic Retrievers are known for their waterproof coat and are the perfect companion for duck hunting. Yes, they're great fetchers. But don't expect them to help correct any bad aim!
West Highland White Terrier
The popular tiny terriers are self-reliant, possibly stemming from being originally bred to hunt rats. Their snow-white fur was an intentionally bred-and-refined trait to ensure they wouldn't be confused with foxes or rabbits while on the hunt. And if you're on the fence about bringing home a furry friend, check out these 15 Amazing Benefits of Adopting a Pet.
A cross between Great Danes and indigenous African dogs, Ridgebacks were conceived by colonial European farmers for two reasons: protection, and lion-tracking. Their name derives from the notable ridge of hair running down the middle of their back. Dignified, strong-willed, and independent, the Ridgeback is a worthy specimen for seasoned dog owners who know how to handle a rowdy pup. First-timers are advised to look elsewhere.
Thanks to an illustrious run of Lassie films—six hugely successful entries in the 1940s, plus a surprisingly well-met 2005 remake—Collies are among the most popular dog breeds of all time. (Fun fact: Lassie happens to be just one of three animals who has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.) These majestic dogs come in two coat varieties: rough or smooth. Collies are eager learners with a gentle temperament, which makes the perfect pet for households with children.
This classic droopy-eared, low-rider has a sense of smell second only to bloodhounds in capability. You might think the saggy appearance is just for looks, but that loose elastic skin around the neck and ears actually helps trap the scent of what they're tracking. (So that's why they're so good at catching hare…) Generally, these pups are outgoing and sweet-tempered, though they can be stubborn as well.
Behind those famously gorgeous, intelligent eyes, you'll find an agile, hardworking pup full of energy. Affectionate, athletic, and bred to herd, they need a sense of purpose—like training, or a sport—to feel content. They make great companions for quality game time in the backyard or park.
Serving as bodyguards for Romans in antiquity, they're still on duty thousands of years later. A member of the Mastiff breed, Corsi rock an imposing presence befitting their name, which translates to "protector" in Latin. Smart, eager, and intensely loyal, they require commitment and early socialization to achieve their maximum potential.
Their protective demeanor and massive bulk give Newfoundlands the presence of a friendly mountain bear. Originally bred and used as working dogs for fishermen in Newfoundland in the Canadian Maritimes, so-called 'Newfies' are excellent swimmers and excel at water rescue thanks to webbed feet and a water-resistant coat.
Miniature American Shepherd
A dead-ringer for the pocket-sized Australian Shepherd, Minis bristle with energy and intelligence, desperately wanting to be helpful, in true herding dog form. Endearing and lively, Minis are of recent heritage, developed in California in the late 1960s based on Australian Shepherd stock.
With its silvery coat, this mainstay of the family dog group is a perfectly rounded individual. Imbued with nobility, grace, and gentleness, the elegant Weimaraner assisted royal houses in hunting large game, like deer and bears., these superb specimens are true show-stoppers.
This ancient toy dog of Malta can find a friend in anyone and makes for a surprisingly alert watchdog. Like the West Highland Terrier, they were bred to be pure white by Roman emperors who wanted their pets to have a color they considered divine.
One of the oldest breeds from the Americas, and a convenient mascot of their native Mexico, for years, the Chihuahua was considered a high-fashion accessory. (See: Hilton, Paris.) Demanding but lovable, these little brutes require training to live with, but ultimately make lovable life-long, faithful companions.
The Pug's capacity to display a wide array of human-like facial expressions—plus a knack for mischief—makes them natural cut-ups. (For a laugh, get this: a group of Pugs is called a Grumble.) Considered the ideal house dog by many, Pugs are happy…as long as they are loved.
One of the smallest retriever breeds, these beautiful, golden-rust colored sporting dogs have near-limitless energy, but are graceful, gentle, smart, and sensitive at the same time. An athletic Hungarian breed, these pups thrive on activity, making them an ideal jogging or biking buddy.
For years, Cocker Spaniels were America's breed of choice. Bred for hunting, Cockers got their name from the birds they were at hunting: Woodcocks. While playful and sweet, they're also the highest maintenance of the Spaniel family, and can bark endlessly. Training is essential to keep the neighbors from hating you.
Clocking in at a massive 30 inches in length, and at a weight of more than 200 pounds, Mastiffs have been around since the dawn of civilization as one of man's oldest and greatest protectors. Despite its size, the Mastiff flourishes in small spaces and urban environments.
English Springer Spaniel
The best hunters of the Spaniel clan are filled with brawn, brain, and undying love for bird necks. Until the turn of the 20th century, they shared a breed designation with Cocker Spaniels. Born from the same litter, the smaller dogs were Cockers while the larger ones were Springers.
Agile and upbeat, the Brittany excels in all manner of sports and training. Sized in between larger Setters and shorter Spaniels, these dogs need lots of exercise and are perfect companions for those with active, outdoorsy lifestyles.
Bernese Mountain Dog
The calm temperament and big, brawny mass of the Bernese suits its origin as a dependable, noble work dog from Switzerland. These gentle giants affectionately attach themselves to one person, who is typically the one tasked with managing the Bernese's prolific shedding! And for dogs that don't require much cleanup, meet The Dog Breeds That Never Shed.
Scottish Shelties are sturdy, diminutive herding dogs derived from Rough Collies and King Charles Spaniels, for the purpose of—let's get a drum roll—persuading sheep to stay with the flock. Shetlands are purposeful, intelligent, vocal, excitable, and eager to please. Incredibly loyal, they're often referred to as "shadows" due to their attachment to family.
The national dog of Cuba, Havana dogs have found their way into an ever-increasing number of American cities, homes, and hearts. Their intense social needs and desire to always be around humans has earned them the nickname "Velcro Dogs."
Despite packing one of the smallest of builds, Poms carry the tenacity befitting a larger dog. Extroverted, playful, and lively, these toy dogs enjoy being the center of attention.
These good-natured, compact tuxedoes are delightful companions, and are especially well-suited for city-dwellers. You can trace their genealogy to a stout Liverpudlian from the late 1860s named Judge, who was a cross between a Bulldog and the now-extinct white English Terrier. Judge traveled across the pond to the land of Paul Revere, where he became the patriarch and common ancestor of all true Boston Terriers, the first officially registered American breed. The "American Gentleman" became the official dog of the State of Massachusetts—as well as the mascot of Boston University. Go Rhett!
The Shih Tzu, or "Lion Dog," in Chinese dialects, is a Tibetan breed that's been one of the most popular dog breeds for more than a millennium. Notable for their beautiful, flamboyant double coat—which is often groomed to reach the floor—they require daily brushing and maintenance. Shih Tzus have a wide range of temperaments, though they all share affectionate, outgoing personalities.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Also known as Blenheims, these sweet, gentle creatures have dual appeal as either a toy or athletic dog, always up for some playtime—or an impromptu squirrel chase. They readily adopt their owner's lifestyle, whether it be sporty and active or just lazing around the house.
Friendly and intelligent, and relatively young as a breed, it outranks the standard Schnauzer in popularity. These pint-sized Schnauzers hail from late-19th century Germany and are readily identifiable by their long beard, voluminous leggings, and a legendary walrus mustache. And for more awesome pups, meet The Dog Breeds That Never Bark.
This cowboy's companion has made its presence very well known in rodeos as one of the world's best herders. Their name is a misnomer, though, as all evidence points to American heritage.
Loyal, noble, fierce, and fearless, the Doberman was first bred by a tax collector as an intelligent and intimidating dog for the purpose of protecting himself while soliciting payments at night. Hey, it worked!
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
The increasingly popular Corgi is a champion herder and a common sight on sheep farms across the British Isles. Among the friendliest of small breeds, these spirited pooches appear to be always smiling. Queen Elizabeth has long been associated with her brood of adorable Corgis, which can all be traced back corgi number-one, Susan, a gift for the young princess on her 18th birthday in 1944. And for more on these adorable little fellas, here are 50 Corgi Facts That Will Make You Want a Corgi.
As epitomized by cartoon icon Scooby-Doo, the Great Dane's formidable size belies a big sweetheart. What's more, the first breeds were not actually from Denmark, but Germany, where they were bred to help hunt wild boars.
German for "Badger dog," these low-slung wieners were purpose-built to flush out badgers from their burrows. Clever and courageous, these lovable, alert stars of the canine world make perfect household companions.
With their stunning, deep blue eyes, these dogs of the frozen tundra resemble their lupine ancestors more than any other canine (save for the larger, related Alaskan Malamute). Despite fearsome appearances, their inherent friendliness makes them ineffective as watchdogs.
The all-American Boxer shares an athleticism with its human namesake. Despite being bred for service in warfare as early as 2000 B.C.E. in Assyria, and then subsequently named after a bloodsport, the modern American Boxer is a lover, not a fighter.
German Shorthaired Pointer
The "Perfect Pointer" is known as a jack of all trades. Pointers get their name from striking a pose by keeping a direct gaze and lifting one paw to signal the location of prey to their fellow human hunters.
Small but fierce, Yorkies were used during hunts to flush prey out of its den. "Smoky," a famous war dog of WWII, was able to run through pipes and string communication wires under a former Japanese airstrip so soldiers would not have to expose themselves to enemy fire. She served in 12 missions and earned 8 battle stars, plus a monument in Cleveland, Ohio. And for more decorated canine war heroes, meet the 30 Most Important Dogs in American History.
Rottweilers descend from ancient Roman times, and are renowned for exceptional intelligence and guarding instincts. As the legions conquered faraway lands, they traveled with herds of cattle for sustenance, which the dogs corralled and protected from robbers and wild animals. Rottweilers remained long after the soldiers were driven out of what is today southern Germany.
The breed remained in use as herders and as "metzgerhund," guardians of butcher deliveries in the Middle Ages, in the town of Rottweil. Their numbers diminished nearly to the point of extinction with the advent of railroads. But demand for service dogs during World War I stimulated a revival, where Rottweilers served as messengers, draught, and guard dogs.
The aristocrats of the canine kingdom, poodles come in every size from toy and miniature to standard. One of the most intelligent breeds, these proud, athletic canines are excellent swimmers, once used for bird hunting. The traditional grooming style, like the pompons around the ankles, actually served the purpose of protecting joints and vital organs from freezing water.
Beagles are so ancient that their origins are uncertain. The only thing we know for sure is that they were a personal favorite of Queen Elizabeth I and, of course, for legions of fox hunters all over Britain. Despite British pedigree, their name is derived from the French term for "loudmouth," no doubt for their prolific barking (which is useful in tracking prey).
Unlike its smaller French cousin, standard Bulldogs were bred for the sport of bullbaiting. With unmitigated ferocity and a seemingly limitless pain tolerance, packs of bulldogs fought with bulls in 13th-century England while spectators placed their bets on the winner. Despite their legacy as tiny terrors, today bulldogs are classified by the American Kennel Club as friendly, courageous, and calm.
Frenchies have clawed their way to become among the most popular dog breeds in the world. Despite their appellation, they come from England, bred to be a more companion-friendly Bulldog. Sweet though they are, cross-breeding has had consequences, as most have trouble swimming and often require assistance reproducing.
Cheerful, easy to train, and eager to please, the Golden Retriever is the dictionary definition of the perfect family dog. And they're great sports, too: one Dallas-based Golden Retriever named Augie holds the world record for holding an astonishing five tennis balls in its mouth at once!
German Shepherds have a dedicated and proud history of police and military work and were the first breed to be deployed as service dogs. Motivated by a strong sense of purpose, they'll do anything for the masters they serve. In their native German, "Schutzhund," literally translates to protection dog.
America's top dog needs no introduction. Labrador Retrievers have been the most popular breed every year running since 1991, and it's easy to see why. With their endlessly exuberant demeanor, photogenic looks, and family-friendly attitude, who wouldn't want one in the house? And for more on man's best friend, here are 15 Life Lessons You Can Learn From Your Dog.
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