100 Random Facts That Will Make You the Most Interesting Person in the Room

Never resort to idle weather chitchat again.

100 Random Facts That Will Make You the Most Interesting Person in the Room
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Sometimes, there’s no better conversation starter than a totally out-of-left-field bit of information. Maybe it’s a tiny factoid about a popular brand. Maybe it’s a little-known piece of history that flips your perspective upside-down. Maybe it’s bit of trivia about nature or the world at large. No matter what, having a few random facts at your fingertips is a surefire way to stand out in a crowd. So if you’re doing so socializing sometime consider, make sure to read these 100 totally random and 100 percent wildly interesting facts that are guaranteed to earn you some new friends. And for more mind-blowing trivia, don’t miss these 50 Weird But Wonderful Facts That Will Leave You Totally Amazed.

open ruffle potato chip bag

1
Chip Bags Are Pumped Full of Nitrogen

All that excess air in chip bags isn’t there to dupe buyers into thinking there are more chips inside. In fact, it serves a purpose—and no, it doesn’t contain oxygen. Instead, chip bags are filled with nitrogen. Oxygen would quickly turn the chips rancid, while nitrogen preserves the freshness of the chips, prevents combustion, and creates sufficient cushioning during shipping so the chips don’t get crushed. And for more bits of trivia that will surprise you, here are 30 Crazy Facts About Life That May Freak You Out a Little.

haagen-dazs company name origins

2
Häagen-Dazs Doesn’t Mean Anything in Any Language

The ice cream company was started in 1961 by Rose and Reuben Mattus, Polish Jewish-Americans, in the Bronx. Recognizing the marketing power of a great name, they decided to name the company something that would evoke “old-world craftsmanship,” and, in brainstorming, they figured: What better name to go with than one that honors Denmark, which helped the Jews in WWII?

The reality, however, is that the Danish language doesn’t even use that an a with an umlaut (ä) in any of its spelling, and the “-zs” ending isn’t Danish, it’s Hungarian. Finally, we have a reason as to why that name was so hard to read when we were kids—because it’s not real! And for more fascinating linguistic trivia, here are 40 Facts About Words That Will Make You Say “OMG!”

walmart storefront at night

3
Walmart Greeters Were Originally Introduced to Stop Shoplifters

The friendly greeters you can spot at any Walmart location were originally put in place to deter shoplifters. In 1980, the manager of a Walmart in Louisiana was trying to figure out how to reduce theft, so he hired a woman to stand by the front door and greet customers, which would also intimidate potential shoplifters. When founder Sam Walton visited the store, he instituted it as company policy across every Walmart in the nation. Reducing the theft allows Walmart to keep its prices low for its customers.

woman lying awake at night in bed with sleeping husband

4
When You Travel, Your Brain Is On Alert

It’s called the “first night effect,” and it’s because one side of your brain remains active in order to react to potential dangers in a novel environment. The left side of your brain stays more awake (“on guard”) for the first night in an unfamiliar place, so you’re kind of sleeping with one eye open—in a way. Next, check out these 30 Crazy Useful Facts You’ve Never Heard Before.

hammerhead shark

5
Sharks Don’t Technically Sleep

It was originally believed that sharks don’t sleep because they always need to stay moving in order for oxygen-rich water to flow through their gills, which is how they breathe. However, that theory was disproved when scientists observed how sharks are able to float around the bottom of the ocean, so that the water flows freely over their gills.

What we have learned, though, is that sharks don’t “sleep” the way humans “sleep;” there’s never a point where a shark’s brain enters rest. Similar to how we stay partially awake during “first night” sleep, sharks’ brains just take breaks. Maybe that’s why they always want to bite things—they must be cranky from never getting a good night’s sleep! And for more fascinating trivia about the rulers of the sea, don’t miss these 50 Shocking Facts About Sharks.

Fortune cookies, fortune cookie

6
Fortune Cookies Aren’t From China

In fact, they were actually influenced more by Japan than China. They were born in the 1900s in California, and though their specific inventor is unknown, it has been determined that they were based on Japanese senbei: rice crackers. It’s believed that they were first served in Hagiwara Japanese Tea Garden, in San Francisco, with small thank-you notes inside for patrons, rather than fortunes.

Around the same time, David Jung and his brother-in-law, Lester Soo Hoo immigrated to Los Angeles. There, they founded Hong Kong Noodle Company, and began passing out the same style cookies with inspiring scriptures. It’s still not crystal clear who is responsible, but general consensus posits that they were born in the Japanese Tea Garden. You won’t find restaurants in China handing out fortune cookies (unless you find yourself in an Americanized eatery), while, in Japan, omikuji-senbei (rice crackers with fortunes inside) have been a delicacy since the 19th century.

Tomato Plant {How Do Plants Protect Themselves}

7
The Tomato Is Legally a “Vegetable”

As the saying goes, “Intelligence is knowing a tomato is a fruit; wisdom is knowing not to put it in a fruit salad.” Well, apparently intelligence is also a way to squeeze a bit more tax money out of taxpayers.

In 1893, the U.S. Supreme Court declared them a vegetable for taxation purposes in the case of Nix v. Hedden. Nix, a produce company, wanted to declare the tomato a fruit—based on its actual biological classification, in addition to the lower tax rate that fruits carried—while Hedden, a New York tax collector, argued it should be declared a vegetable—based on its practical use as a vegetable, in addition to the additional tax he could collect as a result of the higher tax rate for vegetables. The Court ruled that the tomato was commonly known was a vegetable, and should be taxed as such.

Party, tequila shots

8
Alcohol Only Makes You Feel Warm

Alcohol is a vasodilator, meaning it dilates blood vessels. The rosy flush commonly known as the “liquor blanket” is simply a result of blood vessels near the surface of the skin dilating; you’re not getting warmer, your blood is just being redistributed. This can actually be even more dangerous, since a main function of your skin receptors is to respond to cold by constricting the blood vessels near the skin so that more blood is sent to internal organs. Alcohol totally reverses that function!

Tennis ball

9
Wimbledon Tennis Balls Are All Stored at Perfect Room Temperature

All Wimbledon tennis balls are kept at 68º Fahrenheit because the temperature of tennis ball affects how it bounces, and all tennis balls must be kept as consistent as possible for competitive reasons. When the ball is warmer, gas molecules inside the ball expand, which cause it to bounce higher. When cooler, the molecules shrink, and the ball bounces lower. To make sure the best tennis balls are used and the temperature is kept stable, Wimbledon goes through more than 50,000 tennis balls per year! Oh, and while you’re at it, here’s The Secret Reason Why Golf Balls Have Dimples.

basketball chris cuomo

10
Basketball Hoops Used to Basically Be Baskets

Well, this one’s kind of in the name. The first “hoops” were those orange crate baskets drilled to a wooden panel in 1891 at the YMCA. In the 1900s, the crate was replaced with a metal hoop and netting, but the netting was sewn at the bottom. It wasn’t until 15 years after the sport was invented that someone had the idea to cut the bottom of the netting, so that the ball wouldn’t have to be manually retrieved every time someone made a shot.

Tiger Shark Attack

11
Shark Babies Eat Each Other in the Womb

As soon as tiger shark embryos develop teeth, they attack and eat each other in utero. Up to 12 babies start out, while usually only two make it out alive, all but one being eaten by the largest baby in the litter. As a result, tiger shark babies are generally much larger than babies of other shark (and marine life) species, so they’re relatively safe from predators.

Paternal DNA may also play a role: at any given time, pregnant sharks can have two to three different DNAs in their embryos (meaning 2-3 different fathers); scientists have hypothesized that the male sharks attack and eat the other ones that are not of the same genetic makeup as they are. And for more terrifying beasts from the depths, meet these 20 Sea Creatures More Dangerous Than Sharks.

beauty and the beast

12
 Beauty and the Beast Was Originally A Twisted Tale

Beauty and the Beast was based on a French author’s story published in 1740 that aimed to romanticize arranged marriages. In the story, a wealthy family with six children loses all its riches. Through certain events, one of the girls (Beauty, the youngest, is the one chosen) must be promised to the Beast in an arranged marriage—not romantic at all. The story ends happily, the same way it does as it is known now, where Beauty finally agrees to marry the Beast, and Prince Charming is revealed.

Man snapping

13
Your Thumb Doesn’t Make a Sound When You Snap Your Fingers

The sound you hear is actually created by your middle finger hitting against your palm, not your thumb rubbing against your index finger. Point this out to your friends in any conversation and you’ll receive snaps for being clever.

woman polishing nails

14
A Nail Polish Company Once Sold Teeth

Odontorium Products, Inc, was a dental company in the 1980s that supplied dental acrylics to make fake teeth. In the ’80s—the golden era of long and colorful nails—nail techs began using dental acrylics illegally to make acrylic nails, so the company developed a nail-friendly acrylic that could be used and distributed legally in the beauty industry. Eventually, they closed the dental side of the business to focus entirely on nail products.

Woman with Green Eyes

15
Those “Eye Squiggles” Are Shadows of Things Inside Your Eye  

Though they look like they’re floating out in front of your eye, they’re actually inside of it. The squiggles and dots you see are the shadows that floaters cast on the retina, which is the layer on the back of your eye that senses light. The eye floaters are small clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous, the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye. Sometimes they’re harmless, a normal part of the aging process, but sometimes they’re a sign of a retina tear. If you start seeing them show up randomly or excessively, make an appointment with your optometrist, stat.

bad jokes that are actually funny

16
Tailgating Doesn’t Speed Up Your Commute

Research out of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 2017 suggests that if we all keep an equal distance (similar to how birds in flocks fly), we’d get to our destinations twice as fast. The study confirmed that maintaining an equal distance between cars on either side of you gets you to your destination significantly faster than if you just follow the car in front of you (also known as the bad form of “tailgating”). Of course, you can’t control the car behind you, which is why we all need to get on the same page and stop tailgating, or we need cars that will literally keep everyone from being able to tailgate each other.

attractive couple by pool

17
Your Skin Is Your Largest Organ

An adult’s skin stretched out would cover 20 square feet and weigh 8 to 10 pounds total. In one square inch of skin. there are four yards of nerve fibers, 3 million cells, and 625 sweat glands. Humans shed about 600,000 particles of skin every hour—about a pound-and-a-half a year. By 70, an average person will have lost 105 pounds of skin. And for more awesome trivia about your body, check out these 20 Amazing Facts You Never Knew About Your Body.

best skin

18
The Average Human Grows 550-600 Miles of Hair in a Lifetime

And that’s just on the head! Humans will also each grow around six feet of nose hair. Every day the average person loses 60 to 100 strands of hair, which is nothing compared to the average of 100,000 hairs you have on your scalp at any given time.

So, why does so much of it grow? Well, hair is actually the fastest growing tissue in the body, the next being bone marrow. And if you’ve ever wondered why your hair is the texture it is, it’s determined by the follicles it comes out of: curly hair comes out of oval follicles; straight hair comes out of circular follicles.

harrods department store in london

19
Harrod’s Was the First Place to Ever Sell Toilet Paper

In 1857, toilet “wipes” were invented in London. The Bronco brand wipes were tough on one side and shiny on the other—hardly soft and not absorbent at all. It took until 1936 for toilet paper as we know it to hit shelves. It was introduced as facial tissue, and only sold in the men’s department Harrod’s, the extremely upmarket luxury department stores. Within a few years, the tissues were adapted to rolls that were much softer than Bronco’s product.

prostate cancer symptoms

20
Sleep Deprivation Will Kill You Faster Than Starvation

In the 1980s, a study conducted at the University of Chicago performed an experiment with rats where, after 32 days without sleep, were all pronounced dead.  It’s unclear the entire reason; the lack of sleep obviously impacted major organs, but it was not determined exactly which ones and to what extent. By the way, sleep deprivation is considered a form of torture by Amnesty International.

Nike Cortez shoes, great for low-maintenance upgrades

21
The Nike Logo Design Cost $35

Phil Knight, the founder of Nike, previously a teacher at Portland State University, paid graphic design student Caroline Davidson $35 ($221 in today’s cash) in 1971 to create Nike’s unmistakable swoosh logo. At the time, the company was just starting as Knight’s side business—named Blue Ribbon Sports—so he couldn’t afford much for the logo. However, as Nike grew, he paid it back to Davidson: not only did she work with Nike until 1975, she was also gifted 500 shares in the company.

Man Jaywalking across a street in portland oregon

22
“Jaywalking” Is Slang

“Jay” used to be slang for “foolish person.” So when a pedestrian ignored street signs, he was referred to as a “jaywalker.” The word became prevalent in the early 1900s: it was mentioned in the Chicago Tribune in 1909, the New York Times in 1915, and Harper’s in 1917—all in terms of how dangerous and idiotic crossing the street at a random point instead of at a crosswalk is. And for more language that sprung up out of nowhere, here are 40 Words That Didn’t Exist 40 Years Ago.

mickey mouse and minney mouse

23
Minnie and Mickey Were Partners in Real Life

Russi Taylor snagged the role of Minnie’s voice in 1986, while Wayne Allwine had been doing the voice of Mickey since 1977. They met each other in the hallway of Disney Studios, and at the time, both of them were actually married (to other people…unhappily). They became wonderful friends, and, in 1991, Wayne Allwine, the voice of Mickey Mouse, married Russi Taylor, the voice of Minnie. The couple stayed happily married until Wayne’s passing.

green eggs and ham

24
Dr. Seuss’s Most Famous Book Began as a Bet

Editor Bennett Cerf, the founder of Random House Publishing, bet Theo Geisel (a man you may know as as Dr. Seuss) that he couldn’t write an entertaining children’s book with fewer than 50 words. The result? Green Eggs and Hamone of the most popular children’s books in history. Dr. Seuss saw how wildly successful, and useful, this 50-word constraint was for children just learning to read, and went on to write many more books, finding that what most would consider to be a limit was actually a source of creativity.

Tick, ticks, pests

25
Lyme Disease Is Named After a Place

The disease first gained attention in the 1970s in Lyme, Connecticut, where children and adults were experiencing puzzling conditions due to what seemed to be no cause: rashes, fatigue, flu-like symptoms, paralysis, and more. Doctors pretty much gave up trying to figure it out, and two mothers were the ones responsible for conducting research—they were still unable to determine what caused it, but they did give it its name. In 1981, a scientist named Willy Burgdorfer finally identified a connection between ticks and the disease.

jeff bridges in the big lebowski Key art via IMDb

26
“Dudeism” Is a Literal Religion

Yes, you read that right: the philosophy—”taking it easy,” “no obligations”—espoused by Jeff “The Dude” Lebowski in The Big Lebowski has its very own church. The Lebowski-inspired Church of the Latter-Day Dudes says it has ordained over 450,000 Dudeist priests worldwide, and even has an online University where they offer free honorary degrees. (“Dudeiversity” seems like a huge missed opportunity there.) Say what you want about how questionable this foundation is for a belief system, but hey, at least it’s an ethos.

QR code scanner

27
QR Codes Can Honor the Dead

QR codes—those square digital barcodes you can scan with a smartphone that are usually used to compare prices of items in supermarkets—have been popping up in cemeteries. But instead of seeing prices when you scan a gravestone code, you’ll read an obituary and see photos of the deceased. And you can pre-plan your funeral online.

polaroid pictures delete instagram account

28
You’re Not Supposed to Shake a Polaroid

In the 1940s, when Polaroid first came out, the instant-film did not have a coating, and you literally had to coat the photo yourself with a liquid emulsifier, then let it dry. It would stay wet for up to 15 minutes. The easiest way to get it to dry? A quick shake. Eventually, the photos were covered in their own emulsifier with a mylar coating, so there was no need to cover the liquid and dry it yourself. Everything happened under the plastic.

However, the shaking had already become a “thing” people did, akin to how cigarette smokers tap their smokes on the top of a pacl. In fact, Polaroid issued a statement in 2004 (after Outkast’s single “Hey Ya” cried out to “shake it like a Polaroid picture”) that shaking the instant-film can actually damage the photos, because it can cause the semi-wet ink to wave or blur before it’s had the time to dry properly.

Australia's Lake Hillier

29
There’s a Completely Natural Lake the Color of Pepto Bismol

Lake Hillier, located in Australia, is a place to add to your bucket list: it’s a bright pink lake that is not manmade, and, to this day, still baffles scientists. Their best guess is that it has something to do with the algae in it, specifically Dunaliella, which produces carotenoids—the things that make carrots bright orange. There’s also a high presence of salts, which may have something to do with the color. The lake is totally safe to touch, but you’re not allowed to swim in it. And for more awesome trivia about giant bodies of water, here are 30 Facts About the World’s Oceans That Will Blow Your Mind.

duffel bag home safety tips

30
Duffle Bags are Named After a Town

The duffle (sometimes spelled duffel) bag gets its name from the town of Duffel, Belgium, where the cloth used in the bags was originally sold. The fabric was a coarse, thick woolen cloth that was originally used for the sturdy coverings of ships. It’s been suggested that the bags were made out of scraps for sailors and explorers on their way out to sea.

keep calm and carry on vector

31
“Keep Calm and Carry On” is Repurposed Propaganda

The popular “Keep Calm and Carry On” slogan was originally created by the British government as a form of propaganda to urge citizens to stay civil during World War II, when London frequently endured air raids from Germany. Alas, it never caught on.

Years later, in the 2000s, a poster was discovered, and many companies have used it as a slogan or marketing theme for their products. Apparently, vintage sensibilities applie to PR campaigns too.

mosquito bite bug spray

32
Bug Spray Doesn’t Repel Mosquitos

Though it’s pretty repelling to humans, it’s not a smell that repels mosquitos. DEET just masks what you smell like to the mosquito. It creates a barrier on your skin that interferes with the mosquito’s antennae that detect the lactic acid and carbon dioxide they’re attracted to that usually make you bite you.

Also, a tip: your bug spray should always go on after sunscreen. If you can’t stand the DEET in regular bug spray, you may consider using lavender oil and lemongrass oil on your pulse points, as they repel mosquitos (and other insects) as well. In fact, if you’re having a bug problem in your garden, you can plant lemongrass and lavender to greatly minimize insect problems without having to use pesticides.

Shot of planet earth from space.

33
It would only take one hour to drive to space.

If you got into your car, turned on the ignition and drove up to the sky at 60 mph, it would only take one hour to get to outer space, according to astronomer Fred Hoyle. Of course, that’s if you could drive upwards at all. But it sure is fun to think about.

The historical Atari 2600 Video Computer System running at 1.19 MHz with 128 bytes rom. This home video game console by Atari INC has become the status symbol of retro video gaming. - Image

34
Chuck E. Cheese and Atari Were Both Invented by the Same Man

Nolan Bushnell, the inventor of Atari, the gaming console company, was an admirer of what Walt Disney did with his theme parks: create a place for family fun. He wanted to take the concept of arcade games and make it a fun family experience, complete with dining, so the Chuck E. Cheese Pizza-Time Theaters were born. Not only was it a great place for families to gather, it was also a great distribution center for Atari’s ever-growing game line.

killer whale

35
Killer Whales Aren’t Whales—They’re Dolphins

So why are these Orcas called whales? Orcas were given the name “killer whale” by ancient sailors who observed of groups of orcas hunting and preying on larger whale species. “Real” whales eat plankton, krill, and much smaller fish, whereas Orca “killer whales”—technically, dolphins—prey on sea lions, large fish, and even seabirds. Orcas’ teeth can get up to 4” long!

millennials eating avocado toast

36
You Need Saliva to Taste Food

You produce about a liter liters of saliva per day. Over the course of a lifetime, that’s enough to fill two large swimming pools! So what are taste buds for? They do taste the food—once the food has been broken down into a form that the chemoreceptors in the taste buds of your tongue are able to recognize. Liquid is required for the flavors to bind to the receptor molecules, and though water would technically work too, saliva contains enzymes that act on the food you eat in order to not only begin the digestion process, but also to make it so your taste buds can taste it.

Earth Orbiting Around the Sun Things You Believed That Aren't True common misconceptions

37
A Year on Earth Is More Than 365 Days

A year on earth—a full rotation around the sun—is actually 365.25 days, so we need Leap Years to correct course. That extra .25 days requires a Leap Year once every four years. Adding an extra day keeps the calendar year in sync with the astronomical year. Of course, there are a few exceptions: Leap Year can be skipped if the year in question is divisible by 100 (1700, 1900, and so on).

But wait! There’s an exception to the exception. If the year is divisible by 400 (1600, 2000, and so on), then, yes, Leap Year still happens. The next Leap Year will begin on Wednesday, January 1, 2020.

Joseph Stalin 80s Jokes

38
Stalin Was the First Person to Use Photoshop

Well, the old arts-and-crafts version of it at least. Joseph Stalin, dictator of the Soviet Union, would have photos doctored to remove people he didn’t like—or to literally change history by way of changing story lines. There were literally dozens of people on his payroll whose job it was to scalpel, glue, paint, and airbrush photos at Stalin’s request.

Pineapple pizza

39
One 18″ Pizza Is More Pizza Than Two 12″ Pizzas

To determine the area of a circle, use the formula: A = πr2

If a pizza has a diameter of 18 inches, that means it has an area of 254.47 square inches:

A = π x 92

And if a pizza has a diameter of 12 inches, then it has an area of 113.1 square inches:

A = π x 62

If you get two of them, you’re at 226.2 square inches, which is still less than one 18-inch pizza.

And for more awesome equations and formulas, here are 40 Facts About Numbers That Will Make You Feel Like a Mathematical Genius.

honey glazed baby carrots

40
Yes, Baby Carrots Are Actually Carrots

Baby carrots are not actually baby carrots—they’re just regular carrots that have been chopped up and rounded by a machine. According to the New York Sun, they were actually invented in 1986 by a farmer, Mike Yurosek, who had too many “ugly,” misshapen carrots that he couldn’t sell to stores. So, experimenting with a potato peeler and green-been slicer, he cut the ugly away from his big carrots, bagged them, and sold them to stores.

Cheetah, animal, African animal

41
Cheetahs Meow like House Cats

Cheetahs, despite their size, stature, and status, actually can’t roar. They meow just like normal house cats. (Though some accounts say that it sounds like a roar on helium). In fact, only four of the “big cats” actually roar: lions, tigers, leopard, and jaguars, because they have a ligament in their voice box that can be stretched to create a wider pitch range.

close up of Dolphin Random Obscure Facts

42
Some Dolphins Are So Smart That They’re Used in the Military

Canines aren’t the only mammals that help the armed forces: the United States has been training bottlenose dolphins to carry out a range of military tasks since 1960, from locating underwater mines to flagging the presence of enemy swimmers. Even so, despite such advancement, we’ve been outclassed. The Russian Navy was able to train dolphins to attack enemies and sense sonar that was otherwise indiscernible by machinery.

Wild chimpanzees

43
Humans Are Just as Hairy as Chimps

We have the same follicles and number of hairs on our bodies as chimps, our hair has just thinned out through evolution. Put simply, it’s finer. Scientists have not determined exactly why our hair has grown finer through evolution. It could’ve been to allow us to sweat more easily, or to make it more difficult for parasites to make our bodies their home.

goosebumps Liver Warning Signs

44
Goosebumps and Chills Serve Evolutionary Purpose

Chills occur when tiny muscles around the base of each hair follicle tense in order to erect the body hair. Thousands of years—and stages of evolution—ago, humans had much thicker hair, not unlike fur. Chills this would fluff up this fur coat, providing more insulation. As far as goosebumps go in response to fear, well, that’s a defense strategy, similar to when mammals will bulk up their fur when threatened, so that they look bigger and scarier to their predators.

walking on a balance beam

45
You Have More Than Five Senses

Neuroscientists will tell you that you’ve actually got somewhere between 22-33 different senses, which they call “meta-senses.” The most common additional meta-senses are: equilibrioception, or your sense of balance; proprioception, or knowing which parts of your body are where without looking (like knowing where your hands are on a keyboard); and thermoception, or being able to sense temperature (like knowing that a recently used stovetop, even if the flame is out, is hot).

dogs are (not) the best

46
Dogs Can Sense Disease

You’re familiar with dogs who can sniff out bombs and illicit substances, but did you know that dogs can literally detect cancer? By getting a whiff of a patient’s breath, they are able to recognize the smell of certain organic compounds that the human body emits when it isn’t working as it should, according to research out of Schillerhohe Hospital in Germany. Canines have also been proven to be able to sense when an epileptic seizure is coming, and can bark and warn the sufferer accordingly. If you find your dog acting weird and can’t figure out why, consider beelining to the doc!

how to fall asleep

47
Before Alarm Clocks, There Were Human Alarms

The job of Knocker-Upper (yes, that’s really what they were called) originated in Britain during the Industrial Revolution, when people needed to wake up and get to work, but alarm clocks were not cheap or accessible to the general population. A knocker-upper’s job was to literally take a wooden stick and knock on the door to make sure you’d wake up—just two to four knocks, and then they were on their way, no sticking around. Some even used pea-shooters to shoot dry peas at tenants on 2nd floors and higher, in order to wake people up on top floors if stairs were not accessible.

reasons you're tired

48
You Have a Floating Bone in Your Body

The Hyoid bone in your throat is the only bone in your body that’s not attached to other bones; it’s kept in place by your thyroid cartilage, right underneath the tonsils. It’s also the only bone in your whole body without a joint. And for more on this little-known area of your body, here are 23 Reasons Your Thyroid Is More Important Than You Ever Imagined.

babyproofing

49
You Were Born with 50 Percent More Bones Than You Have Now

When you’re born, you have 300 bones. Now, you have 206 (if you’re an adult). Technically, the rest of the bones have not disappeared—they’ve merely fused together. The purpose of so many more bones is because it’s significantly easier for the baby to pass through the birth canal with more malleability in the skeletal structure. The many bones are separated by cartilage, which ossifies as you get older (up to age 20) in order to fuse bones together.

pregnant woman getting a doctor checkup

50
The Stethoscope Was Invented Out of Shyness

Rene Laennec, a French doctor, invented the stethoscope in 1816 because he felt uncomfortable placing his ear directly to a woman’s breasts to hear her heartbeat. He was inspired by seeing children play with a wooden toy or beam, whereby they were able to send signals to each other from each end. So he figured that, if applied to the human body and placed at his ear, it would probably be more effective (and less awkward) than placing his head to a patient’s chest. The first stethoscope was nothing but a little wooden tube that looked a bit like a flute! And for more crazy stories of how everyday objects came to be, check out these 30 Life-Changing Inventions That Were Totally Accidental.

Koala on tree

51
Koala Fingerprints Are Indistinguishable From Human Fingerprints

You may think that chimps and monkeys have the closest fingerprints to humans, but it’s actually the cuddly marsupials that have fingerprints nearly indistinguishable from humans, even under a microscope. Koalas aren’t even that closely related to chimps—the marsupial genus broke away from the primate genus 70 million years ago! What’s even weirder is that none of other marsupials (kangaroos, wombats, any of them) have this fingerprint feature.

titanic sketch

52
A Book About the Titanic Sinking Was Published Years Before It Actually Did

The Wreck of the Titan by Morgan Robertson was published in 1898; the Titanic sank in 1912. Robertson’s book features a cruise ship named Titan that sinks in the North Atlantic after hitting an iceberg in literally the exact same spot: 400 nautical miles from Newfoundland. The Titan had 2,500 passengers, half of whom sank, while the Titanic held 2,200 passengers, half of whom also sank.

adidas flagship store

53
The Creators of Puma and Adidas Were Rivaling Brothers

Talk about sibling rivalry! Rudolph Dassler and Adolf (nickname Adi) Dassler had just returned from WWI in 1924 and started the Dassler Shoe Factory. Their shoes were made out of fine leather, and within four years, they surged in popularity, thanks to the 1928 Olympic athletes who wore them.

In 1948, though, things went sour between the brothers, and they split off into their own companies. Rudolph started Puma (after the German word for panther), and Adi started Adidas (a combination of his first and last names: Adi, Das). The rivalry went strong for decades. But, in 2009, the CEOs of both companies—Herbet Heiner of Adidas and Jochen Zeitz of Puma—decided to host a friendly soccer match and end the feud once and for all.

boiled peanuts heart healthy diet

54
Peanuts Aren’t Nuts—They’re Legumes

Technically, a peanut is a legume, like beans and peas. The leguminosae family consists of edible seeds enclosed in pods. Peanuts grow underground, unlike all the other “real” nuts—like hazelnuts and chestnuts—which grow on trees and are considered drupes. By this measure, walnuts and pecans are actually legumes too! Still, it’s easier to just call the whole lot of ’em “nuts.” If you want to be a huge stickler, though, you can call them all “culinary nuts.”

Gin and Tonic, cocktails

55
Add 250ml of Water to 250 ml of Alcohol and You Get Less Than 500ml of Liquid

You will get 480 ml, due to the bonding between ethanol and water molecules. Ethanol molecules are smaller than water molecules, so when the two liquids are mixed together, the ethanol fills the spaces between the water—kind of like if you poured water into a container of sand, how water would fill the spaces between the sand molecules. Maybe bartenders really are ripping you off with those well drinks…

superhuman feats mount everest

56
The Summit of Mt. Everest Was Underwater at One Point

The peak of Mt. Everest is marine limestone that contains fossilized skeletons of marine creatures from what used to be the Tethys Sea. Approximately 470 million years ago, it was sea floor! Mt. Everest and the Himalayas were formed 70 million years ago when the Eurasian plate and Indo-Australian plate collided, pushing the plate boundaries up into the mountain range you can see today.

Woman Sleeping

57
You Can’t (Usually) Read Dreaming

Reading, writing, and even speaking is very rare in dreams, because the regions of the brain that are responsible for these functions—Broca’s Area and Wernicke’s Area—are not as active during sleep. The exception? Anyone whose vocation or avocations entail a lot of reading, writing, and linguistic creativity. The brains of those people are constantly practicing in this arena and therefore strengthening these parts of the brain, so even in rest, it takes very little work for their neural pathways to access the areas for reading and writing.

healthy man mouthwash listerine

58
Listerine Was Once Sold as a Floor Cleaner

In 1860, Louis Pasteur introduced the theory that billions of invisible things—what we now call germs—are responsible for the spread of disease and infection. In 1865, Dr. Lister hopped on the antiseptic medicine train, and was the first to perform surgery in a medical chamber sterilized by antiseptic pumped into the air. Quickly, mortality rates due to surgery began to fall. Then, in 1867, Johnson & Johnson debuted a powerful antiseptic that they named after the Antiseptic man himself: Listerine.

Unfortunately, the general population did not care about the antiseptic trend, so business didn’t exactly boom. Johnson & Johnson attempted to market it as a powerful floor cleaner, a cure for dandruff, and even a cure for gonorrhea—all unsuccessfully. Eventually, a marketing genius essentially created hype over halitosis, and Listerine struck its gold.

Barbet dog looking at camera. Brown French Water Dog. - Image

59
Actually, Dogs Do See In Color

Most people think dogs see in black and white, but they actually see in shades of yellow and green. The color spectrum we see is thanks to the rods and cones in our eyes, which are responsible for interpreting color by wavelength. Humans (and primates) see three wavelengths of color (red, blue, and yellow) but dogs only have cones that see two (yellow and blue). Basically, to a dog, anything that is a shade of red will just be interpreted as a shade of green.

man napping on a stack of papers at his desk

60
In Japan, Napping on the Job is Honorable

To take it from one New York Times report, in Japan, napping on the job is seen as a sign of diligence—it’s seen as though you’re working yourself to exhaustion. There’s even a word for it: inemuri, which roughly translates to “present while sleeping.”

Inemuri isn’t new by any means, and has in fact been around for more than 1,000 years. However, it’s usually only cool in white collar jobs; you won’t find a barista napping on the clock. Also, inemuri isn’t only limited to work. It’s common (and totally normal) to sleep in public: in coffee shops, in stores, on trains and buses. Because it’s baked into the culture, you’re extremely unlikely to get robbed if you fall asleep in public.

commonly misspelled words

61
One Moment Technically Lasts 90 Seconds

Though a “moment” is currently defined (and used) to mean “a brief amount of time,” John of Trevisa actually wrote in 1398 that there are 40 moments in an hour. Therefore, a “moment” is actually a medieval unit for measuring time—and it boils down to a minute-and-a-half. Remember this the next time your friends say “be there in a moment” but take 30 minutes.

Cannons

62
Humpty Dumpty Isn’t an Egg—It’s a Weapon

If you analyze the nursery lyrics, you’ll notice there is not a single mention of an egg. Historians have surmised that Humpty Dumpty was actually a cannon used during the English Civil War of 1642–1649, which the Royalists sat atop a wall surrounding the city of Colchester to ward off an attack from the Parliamentarians. In 1648, when the Parliamentarians sieged the city, the wall that Humpty was on was blown apart, and Humpty fell. Because of its size, none of the king’s horses and none of the king’s men were able to recover the cannon.

peach tree blossom

63
One Species of Tree Produces 40 Types of Fruit in a Year

Professor Sam Van Aken created his first tree, the Tree of 40 Fruit, as an intersection of art, farming, and preservation. Van Aken’s trees produce an incredible harvest of all kinds of stone fruits: plums, peaches, apricots, nectarines, and almonds, including many hybrids that you’ve probably never even seen before, all of which are safe to eat.

Each tree sells for $30,000, and there are 16 of them, placed throughout museums, galleries, universities, and private collections around the United States. Van Aken is also growing a tiny grove in Portland, Maine—the first and only of its kind—with the hopes of making the trees available to the public.

chest pain

64
Your Desk Has Up to 400 Times More Germs Than a Toilet

The research doesn’t lie: the average desktop harbors 20,961 germs per square inch, in addition to 3,295 on the keyboard, 1,676 on a mouse, and 25,127 on the phone (if you still have one, that is). Hey, look at it this way: it’s just one more reason to work from home. And for more surprisingly germ-infested areas, These Places in Your Home Are Dirtier Than Your Toilet.

Great Wall of China

65
The Great Wall of China was Held Together by Sticky Rice

As reported by the Telegraph, scientists at the University of China who were researching the material of the Great Wall were surprised to learn that there was a special ingredient added to the standard mixture of lime and water: sticky rice! Not only did this make the Great Wall mortar the world’s first composite mortar, it also was the reason why the Ming Dynasty’s structures were able to withstand everything from earthquakes to the sands of time. (Oh, and by the way, you can’t see the Great Wall from space.)

mercedes benz logo on grill

66
Ford Didn’t Invent the Car—Benz Did

Henry Ford made cars faster, cheaper, better, and more available to the general public. He created the assembly line for car creation. But he did not invent the car. Karl Benz is the original inventor of the car. In 1885, he designed and created the first automobile powered by an internal combustion engine. Ford didn’t create his first car until 1886.

Hoh Rain Forest Surreal Places in the U.S.

67
Plants “Talk” to Each Other

Almost all plants that have been researched—from mushrooms in the wild to corn seedlings in lab settings—have been proven to communicate with each other underground. Plants extend their roots outward toward each other to warn of a threat, to “test” the soil (plants will grow towards untouched soil over already touched soil, even when they are in the same distance), and to support growing plants (studies have shown that younger seedlings receive carbon from older “donor” trees that helps them grow). Think of their communication network as the wood-wide-web!

Lawnmower {Secrets Your Mailman Knows}

68
The Smell of Fresh-Cut Grass is a Signal of Distress

Scientifically, that amazing fragrance of fresh-cut grass is the release of enzymes as a result to stress—similar to when humans sweat when stressed. When grass is cut, “the plant signals the environment via the emission of volatile organic compounds, which are recognized as a feeding queue for parasitic wasps to come to the plant that is being eaten and lay eggs in the pest insect,” says Michael Kolomiets, Texas A&M AgriLife Research plant pathologist.

American Flag

69
The Pledge of Allegiance Started as a PR Gimmick

The Pledge was allegedly written in a span of about 2 hours in 1892 by Francis Bellamy, a Christian minister, and submitted to a children’s youth magazine, which then encourages students to recite it each morning. But, to recite it, the kids would need a flag—which all the schools needed to purchase. In 1888, the magazine’s publisher launched a campaign to get the flags (and Pledge) in every school across the nation.

friends making a duck face while taking a selfie

70
The “Duck Face” Is Hundreds of Years Old

Turns out, the duck face—beloved and deployed by Instagrammers across the globe—first popped up in London in the 1840s. Back then, they’d “say prunes,” in the way we’d “say cheese,” to keep the face and lips taut. In the early times when photos were rare, only the wealthy could afford portraits. They modeled their portraits in the same style as traditional European art, where only peasants and children were smiling. So of course posh society members didn’t want to be pictured with a smile.

goldfish craziest emotional support animal

71
Goldfish Have Insanely Good Memories

Do friends tell you that you have “the memory of a goldfish?” Well, it’s not as mean as you may think. Goldfish have conditional memory learning that has proven across multiple studies to last many months. It’s very similar to the way a dog remembers things: dogs don’t know how long you’ve been gone when you return home; they only know how to behave when you’ve returned home.

3 musketeers bar

72
3 Musketeers Bars Once Came in Three Flavors

If you never understood where the name came from, now it can finally make sense: the bars, when created in 1930, were sold in packs of three, each with a different nougat flavor: vanilla, chocolate, strawberry. During the sugar rations in World War II, three-packs became too expensive to produce (and consume), so the company cut the retail down to one flavor.

cornfield ant

73
New York City Has Its Very Own Species of Ant

The ManhattAnt (the official scientific name not yet determined) is found only within a 14-block strip of New York City, and nowhere else on the planet. It’s similar to a regular cornfield ant, but can’t be matched to any other known ant species. Scientists believe that it evolved thanks to isolation within the concrete jungle—and potentially from an unhealthy diet, as it lives in such close proximity to Upper West Siders, who, with all the pizza and hot dogs, don’t exactly have the healthiest diets.

Hurricane Claudette

74
Natural Disasters Are Given Human Names Because of Pettiness

The original meteorologist to begin naming them, Clement Wragge, named hurricanes after politicians he didn’t like, so that he could say things like they’re “causing great distress,” “wreaking havoc,” and “wandering aimlessly.” So, uh, who would you name a hurricane after?

40 Old-Fashioned Relationship Tips That Still Apply Today

75
The U.S. Navy Uses Xbox 360 Controllers

Xbox 360 controllers are lighter, more intuitive, and overall just easier to use when operating the periscopes on submarines, unlike the complex, helicopter-style control sticks previously used. Also, the game console controllers sell for about $20, while replacing a submarine industry standard controller can run nearly $40,000. All told, swapping to the Xbox controller has reduced training time from hours to mere minutes.

Members of Congress on the Floor {Best of 2018}

76
Jeanette Rankin Became the First Female Member of Congress in America In 1916

Notice anything interesting about that year? It is a bit ironic because 1916 was four years before women were even given the right to vote. Though, it should be noted that Rankin was a prominent leader of the women’s suffrage movement. Her home state of Montana granted women the right to vote in 1914, six years before it would be legal federally. Rankin was a Republican who ran for public office and won a congressional seat in 1916, helping pave the way for women’s suffrage.

Charlie Chaplin

77
Charlie Chaplin Once Entered a Charlie Chaplin Look-Alike Competition—and Lost

In 1975, a few years before he passed away, Charlie Chaplin entered a look-alike contest in France. He came in third, not first. A theory as to why he didn’t win is that he has blue eyes that couldn’t be seen in black and white, so the judges didn’t recognize him. Whatever the case, though, he was apparently a good sport about being bested.

Black Cat Friday the 13th

78
Pope Gregory IX Once Banned Cats

In the 13th century, Pope Gregory IX declared war on black cats. He said that black cats were instruments of Satan, and ordered the extermination of such felines throughout Europe. However, the plan backfired, and resulted in an increase in the population of plague-carrying rats.

Leaning Tower of Pisa Tourist Traps

79
The Leaning Tower of Pisa Has Always Leaned

It’s not like this famed structure slouched to the right over time. Construction for the tower began in 1173, and, because of the soft ground it was built on, began to lean as soon as builders got to the third story, five years after construction started. Over the next 800 years, leaning wasn’t the only thing off about the tower: It’s also sinking at a rate of two millimeters per year.

Tug of War Amazing Facts

80
Tug-of-War Was Once an Olympic Sport

When the Olympics first began, the major sports that would make up the games had still not been decided on by the International Olympic Committee. There was a lot of trial and error before they settled on the events that we know today. One of the major sports during the first few years of the Olympic Games was a game you might recognize from childhood: Tug-Of-War!

Thomas Jefferson and John Adams historical facts

81
Thomas Jefferson and John Adams Died Within Hours of Each Other

On July 4th, 1826, both former presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson passed away. Fellow patriots turned adversaries, they were also the last surviving members of the original American revolutionaries. Plus, dd you notice the date? That would be the 50th anniversary of American independence, which seems rather symbolic.

a crowd of people gathered to watch july 4th independence day fireworks

82
July 4th Isn’t The Real American Independence Day

July 2nd is when the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia actually voted to approve a resolution of independence. July 4th, though, is when the Congress adopted the official Declaration of Independence (most didn’t even sign until August). That said, still feel free to enjoy the hot dogs, fireworks, and beer on the 4th; we have a feeling that it won’t be changed to the 2nd any time soon.

RICHMOND, VIRGINIA - DECEMBER 14: Bust of President William Henry Harrison in the Virginia State Capitol on December 14, 2014 in Richmond, Virginia

83
William Henry Harrison Served the Shortest Presidential Term in U.S. History

He was America’s ninth president and served just a single month—from March 4th 1841, to April 4th, 1841—before dying of pneumonia, which makes him the shortest-serving U.S. president in history. President William Harrison was succeeded by his vice president, John Tyler, who earned the nickname “His Accidency.” The former president and his wife are now buried at the William Henry Harrison Tomb State Memorial in North Bend, Ohio.

War hero Paul Revere

84
Paul Revere Never Actually Shouted, “The British Are Coming!”

While everyone knows the story of Revere’s famous ride, in which he was said to have warned colonial militia of the approaching enemy by yelling “The British are coming!” But that never happened. The operation was meant to be quiet and stealthy, since British troops were hiding out in the Massachusetts countryside. Also, at the time, many Colonial Americans still considered themselves to be British.

50 funniest facts

85
The First Fax Machine Was Patented in 1843

The same year the Oregon Trail began, the fax machine was patented by Scottish inventor Alexander Bain. Then, three years later, in 1846, he actually created it. At the time, it was not referred to as a fax machine, but a facsimile machine. He used a clock to synchronize the movement of two pendulums, which would then scan each line of the message during that process.

Bob Dylan, live music

86
Bob Dylan Introduced the Beatles to Marijuana

As the legend goes, Bob Dylan met the Beatles first the very first time on August 28th, 1964. They met about the Beatles played a concert in Queens, at the Delmonico Hotel in Manhattan. Then, according to the story, Bob Dylan and his friend Al Arnowitz introduced the four men from Liverpool to marijuana. Turns out, Dylan assumed that the group were already familiar with cannabis because of a misheard lyric in “I Want To Hold Your Hand.” He was wrong.

signs you were born in the wrong decade

87
The Beatles Were Turned Down Before Making it Big

You might think that the minute anyone heard The Beatles perform, their talent and allure would be immediately recognized and awards. Well, not exactly: the Liverpool band were actually turned down by Decca Records after an audition on January 1st, 1962. Producer Dick Rowe was apparently unimpressed with the Fab Four. However, five months later, The Beatles were signed by George Martin at Parlophone—and the rest is history. And for more musical trivia you’ll want to tune your ears to, here are 40 Facts About Music That Really Sing.

there were many weird plans to kill Fidel Castro

88
There Were Hundreds of Plots Against Fidel Castro

And you thought you had enemies. Per reporting by the BBC, Fidel Castro, the former Cuban dictator, had more than 600 plots against him during his regime. Most were plots against his life, but some—like the idea to spike him with LSD right before he went on radio, she’d sound nuts—were meant only to destabilize his rule.

the young visitors novel cover

89
A Best-Seller Was Once Written By a Nine-Year-Old

Talk about impressive. In 1890, the then nine-year-old Daisy Ashford wrote a novel that she then proceeded to forget about. She stopped writing fiction altogether at 13. Around 28 years later, after her mother passed away, Ashford and her sisters found the manuscript in a drawer. Long story short, the novel (The Young Visitors) was picked up by a publisher and went on to become a bestseller.

stone town in zanzibar

90
The Shortest War in History Lasted 38 Minutes

The Anglo-Zanzibar War, a conflict between the United Kingdom and the Zanzibar Sultanate in 1896, was by no means balanced. In less than an hour, more than 500 on the Zanzibar side were killed. The British suffered just one casualty. He later recovered in the hospital.

King Tut

91
King Tut’s Parents Were Siblings

King Tut took the throne of Egypt at age nine and ruled for 10 years as pharaoh until his death at 19 around 1324 B.C. DNA tests from 2010 revealed that the king’s parents were actually related—like, as in brother and sister. Apparently, that runs in the family: King Tut’s wife was also his half-sister. They had two daughters, but both were born stillborn.

Napoleon insulting politicians

92
Napoleon Once Lost a Battle to a Horde of Bunnies

Once upon a time, the famous conqueror Napoleon Bonaparte was attacked by…bunnies. The emperor had requested that a rabbit hunt be arranged for himself and his men. His chief of staff set it up and had men round up reportedly 3,000 rabbits for the occasion. When the rabbits were released from their cages, the hunt was ready to go. At least that was the plan! But the bunnies charged toward Bonaparte and his men in a viscous and unstoppable onslaught. And we were taught that Waterloo was the conqueror’s greatest defeat…

salami ham turkey and soppressata cold cuts in the form of sliced deli meats

93
Cold Cuts Are Safer When They’re Hot

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that seniors, pregnant women, and those with weak immune systems avoid lunch meats, hot dogs, and deli meats unless they are heated to at least 165º Fahrenheit. This kills the food-borne bug listeria monocytogenes, which infects 1,600 people and kills 260 in the United States annually. Hot bologna? We’ll run the risk of listeria, thanks.

Albert Einstein

94
Albert Einstein Was Offered the Israeli Presidency

After the first Israeli president Chaim Weizmann died on November 9th, 1952, the Foreign Ministry was tasked with the challenge of finding candidates for his replacement. Israel’s ambassador to the United States, Aba Eban, approached Albert Einstein to see if he was interested in becoming president of Israel. While Einstein did say he was “deeply moved” to have been given the offer, he could not accept because he felt he lacked the experience necessary.

Ronald Reagan Craziest U.S. Presidents

95
Ronald Reagan Was an Excellent Lifeguard

Say what you will about his policies and legacy, but Ronald Reagan was quite a stellar lifeguard. At Lowell Park beach, the Great Communicator reportedly pulled 77 people from the water during his time as a lifeguard there.

hipster man stroking his beard

96
Peter the Great Imposed a Beard Tax

Peter the Great, Russia’s revolutionary Czar, once declared imposed an annual beard tax on members of society whom had facial hair. If someone wanted to keep their facial hair, they simply had to pay for it. After they made their deposit, they received a coin that said “tax paid.” We’re guessing Movember wasn’t en vogue at the time.

the supreme court in westminster

97
In Victorian England, Suicide Was Illegal

During the late 19th century in England, a suicide attempt was treated as a murder would be. The offender was punished by hanging. Treating suicide as a crime was also common in France, in which the person who attempted was dragged through the streets facedown and then hung or thrown into a garbage heap.

amy winehouse celebrity deaths

98
27 Is a Dangerous Age for Famous Musicians

Ever heard of the 27 Club? Its members all have one thing in common: they were musicians who passed away at the age of 27. Some embers include Amy Winehouse, Kurt Cobain, Jim Morrison, Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, and Brian Jones. Causes of death range from addiction-related complications to suicide to freak accidents.

World War II combat

99
Around 64 Million People Died During WWII

Let’s put it this way: that’s more than the entire population of the United Kingdom. And for info that will put the war in perspective, don’t miss these 30 Astonishing Facts About World War II That Will Change the Way You View It Forever.

mary lamb history animal

100
Mary Really Did Have A Little Lamb

Everyone knows the nursery rhyme, “Mary Had A Little Lamb.” Few know that the tale within is based on actual events. Her name was Mary Sawyer, she was an 11-year-old girl who lived in Boston, and one day was followed to school by her pet lamb. In the late 1860s, she helped raise money for an old church by selling wool from the lamb. Over time, it became the nursery rhyme we all know and love today. Next, don’t miss these 50 Facts So Crazy You Won’t Believe They’re Actually True.

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